Tuesday, March 8, 2016

AP G.O.MS.No.18 NTR Sujala Pathakam – up scaling - Guidelines.

NTR Sujala Pathakam to provide potable water of 20 ltrs for Rs.2.00 to each household. Accordingly– up scaling - Guidelines as per G.O.MS.No.18 ;  NTR Sujala Pathakam – up scaling From the CE (Admn), RWS&S Lr.No.T1DEE(T)/NTR Sujala Pathakam/2014 dt.18.11.2015  - Guidelines as per G.O.MS.No.18 ;  NTR Sujala Pathakam – up scaling - Guidelines  as per G.O.MS.No.18.

AP G.O.MS.No.18 NTR Sujala Pathakam – up scaling - Guidelines.


PANCHAYAT RAJ & RURAL DEVELOPMENT (RWS.II) DEPARTMENT 

AP G.O.MS.No. 18  Dated: 08-03-2016

Read:-

  • G.O.Ms.No.127, PR & RD (RWS.II) Department, dt.30.8.2014.  


Subject: RWS & S – NTR Sujala Pathakam – up scaling - Guidelines – Issued.




Government have taken a policy decision to implement NTR Sujala Pathakam to provide potable water of 20 ltrs for Rs.2.00 to each household. Accordingly, Government has issued guidelines vide reference 1st read above and 826 rural habitations have been covered with water treatment plants. These plants are mostly smaller plants with a capacity of 500 to 1000 ltrs per hour.

This document is prepared as a guiding framework for the approval and set-up of water filtration, purification and supply facilities (henceforth termed as Water Plants) to provide safe drinking water to the people of Andhra Pradesh with service oriented motive on non- profit basis. This framework is applicable for Individuals, Groups, Community Based Organizations, Non-Governmental Organizations, Corporates, Private Institutions, Trusts, any other Non-Governmental Entities and Government bodies or Agencies other than the Rural Water Supply Department of Andhra Pradesh. 

These guidelines supersede any other guidelines issued so far by the State Government of Andhra Pradesh pertaining to Water Plants. It has been observed that over the last many years various stakeholders like Individuals, Groups, Community Based Organizations, Non-Governmental Organizations, Corporates, Private Institutions, Trusts, any other non-governmental entities and government bodies or agencies (henceforth termed as Water Plant Providers) have come forward in good faith to set up Water Plants with the primary objective of providing processed safe drinking water to the public of Andhra Pradesh. 


However, it has been noted that many of these Water Plants are unable to meet the primary objective of providing safe drinking water for a variety of reasons. These reasons include: 

  • lack of financial sustainability in running Water Plants resulting in dead units and sunken costs in terms of resources; 
  • unscientific way of choosing the Water Plant locations resulting in needless competition, drying of water source and negative impact on the environment; 
  • absence of accountability structures to monitor and evaluate the operations and health of the Water Plant resulting in low quality unsafe water supply and reject water polluting the groundwater table; 
  • non-availability of qualified manpower and timely technical support resulting in significant downtime of plants and/or even closure. 
  • unscientific way of choosing water purification technology in contravention to the guidelines prescribed by the Government of India in the National Rural Drinking Water Programme1 Overall it can be said that there is a lot of enthusiasm in setting up the Water Plants by the Water Plant Providers as a service to the public, but sustainably running them over a long period of time is increasingly becoming the significant challenge. 

It has thus been noted that significant resources (time, energy and investment) of the Water Plant Providers, that have come into the state of Andhra Pradesh with an objective to serve the public by providing safe affordable drinking water, have either been under-utilized or mis-utilized. This defeats the core purpose of setting up Water Plants as a service to provide safe drinking water to the public. Moreover, it has to be noted that majority of Water Plants are using significant public resources, like source water, subsidized power and government land and label themselves as public service. This scenario necessitates for the Government to develop stringent overarching guidelines in the interest of larger public safety, environmental protection and for the longer term effective utilization of the resources to be brought in by the Water Plant Providers. 

These state-level guidelines are put forth with an intention of creating an enabling environment for the Water Plant Providers and for the larger public good. This document is prepared in accordance to the National Rural Drinking Water Program to provide guidance in building sustainable safe drinking Water Plants in the State of Andhra Pradesh. These guidelines are duly respectful of the International and National water quality standards and should be read in conjunction with latest BIS standards on drinking water refer to IS 10500:20122 . The safe drinking Water Plants to be set up 

further in the state of Andhra Pradesh shall be built and operated in accordance with the guidelines prescribed in this document. The existing water plants shall also be brought under the purview of these guidelines. 

GUIDELINES:

Application: Any Water Plant Provider interested in setting up of a Water Plant with an intention to provide safe drinking water to community at the government prescribed user charges is required to seek prior approval from the Department of RWS&S or those authorized by the Government of Andhra Pradesh from time to time.  


Use of Purification/ Filtration Technologies: There are numerous commercially viable purification and filtration technologies available such as - Reverse Osmosis, Sand Filtration, Ultra Filtration, Electrolytic Defluoridation, Nano, Terafil, etc.. However, it is pertinent for any Water Plant Provider to scientifically choose a purification/filtration technology while setting up a Water Plant. Based on the quality of the source water the following technologies are recommended. The guidelines are provided considering only fluoride as contaminant, which is only identified contaminant in the state of Andhra Pradesh, in case any other contaminant is identified the technology for purifying the contaminant shall be adopted from the Handbook on Drinking Water treatment technologies3 issued by the ministry of drinking water and sanitation, Government of India. 

Water Plant Provider can propose the use of any other technology and process or combination of different technologies without compromising the quality of output water, which is more economical and rejects less quantity of water within permissible quality limits and can seek approval from the Department of RWS&S or any Agency authorized by the Government of Andhra Pradesh. 


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